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CIRB achieved significant reduction in mortality in Murrah Buffaloes 

India ranks first in the world in milk production, of which buffaloes contribute 56% to the nation’s milk production, in addition to meeting the demand for meat in domestic and international market. With the shrinkage of agricultural land holding, livestock sector especially buffaloes are emerging as a potential source for employment generation for the rural people. Buffalo husbandry is playing a pivotal role in augmenting income and uplifting livelihood of disadvantageous section of society.

 Farmers irrespective of their economic background have started rearing the elite germplasm of buffalo. The name “Black Gold” has emerged as a synonym for the one of very popular breed of buffaloes i.e. Murrah, which serve as a capital reserve or cash crop to the rural folk by providing economic stability, livelihood security and social status. 

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Conservation and propagation of elite Murrah germplasm available as Champion Bulls with farmers

Out of approximately 55 million breedable buffaloes in India, hardly 15% are bred through AI. This requires over 100,000 bulls for natural service and 1000 bulls for frozen semen production. It is difficult to find quality superior bulls to meet this demand. Genetic improvement programme warrants quality frozen semen production from genetically superior bulls and adoption of AI at large scale. Such bulls are rare, isolated and scattered in the field with few progressive farmers / NGOs and used to the limited extent with natural service in the vicinity. This poses the threat that in due course this invaluable germplasm may get deleted from the gene pool.


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